Cupid

Discussion in 'Roman Mythology' started by Goddess2u, Feb 3, 2011.

  1. Goddess2u

    Goddess2u Member

    With Valentines Day just around the corner I thought now would be a good time to talk about Cupid.
    Cupid was the Roman god of love, derived from the Greek god Eros. Cupid was the son of the goddess Venus, usually depicted as a boy carrying a quiver of arrows. Cupids arrows could draw people together, or pull them apart. I find it really interesting that he could tear a relationship apart as well as put one together.
  2. NothingToFear

    NothingToFear New Member

    I've never familiarised myself with the Cupid story. Was he a cherub of some kind, a young angel? Or was he just depicted as a cute little boy who didn't wear enough clothes? Who was his father?
  3. LegendofJoe

    LegendofJoe Active Member

    I forget who his father is.
    He sometimes is depicted as Cherub-like, but I don't know if I would use the term angel, since that is a Judeo-Christian term.
    He is found in several myths, but his main myth is told in a book called The Golden Ass by Apuleius.
    In it he is not a little naked infant but a young man who is one of the gods, and he falls in love with Psyche; the most beautiful woman in the world.
    It is a story about jealousy, love and trust. Psyche breaks that trust, and is forced to perform very difficult tasks that Venus gives to her in order for her
    to redeem herself.
    It is too detailed to go into here, but I'm sure the story is given in full somewhere on the web.
    It is also worth reading The Golden Ass itself.
  4. Libros

    Libros Member

    Cupid is the son of Venus and Mars. He is the result of untamed passion and untamed fury uniting, the ability to choose love for oneself.
  5. LegendofJoe

    LegendofJoe Active Member

    I wish I could choose love; my heart usually has other plans.
  6. justbelieve

    justbelieve New Member

    I did not know that Cupid could pull people apart too. I always heard that when you were shot with an arrow by Cupid you were going to fall in love. This is pretty interesting to me. Cupid is about finding love by yourself? then why did he shoot people with an arrow and put people together?
  7. Libros

    Libros Member

    Cupid has two sets of arrows, gold and lead. The lead arrows cause his target to hate whoever lays eyes on them. In the story of Apollo and Daphne, he shoots Apollo with gold and Daphne with lead, so Apollo's love is permanently spurned by her.

    Aphrodite and Ares both represent total loss of control, one over passion, the other over fury. Reason no longer has meaning; you're driven by instincts and desires alone, and that is incredibly dangerous, sometimes fatal. Cupid was given the ability to pass those same effects onto mortals, but he has the control to choose who will feel what, and mortals trusted that his choices would be meaningful and beneficial.

    Philosophically, Cupid represents our ability to reason whether falling completely in love or completely in hate is worth the chaos they can cause. He teaches caution; by being the one to shoot the arrow rather than be its target, you have control over your emotions. Your head can reason with your heart.
  8. LegendofJoe

    LegendofJoe Active Member

    My head usually has trouble reasoning with my heart. Love sticks!
    Happy freakin' Valentines day.

    BTW, the hindu god Kama (love), is also depicted as a youth with arrows.
  9. Ladyhawk

    Ladyhawk New Member

    Libros, you never fail to have the most enlightening things to say that really makes the mind going. I never would have made that analogy with Cupid, but it makes sense, and is a perfect example of the way that mythology can teach life lessons. In Cupid's case, it is for love.
  10. Calliope

    Calliope New Member

    I didn't know that Cupid also had arrows to break people from each other. You learn something new every day. I thought he was just all about love.

    Also, I agree with the others. My head has problems with who my heart chooses. I wish that I could get them to agree on something.
  11. ApolloPriestess

    ApolloPriestess New Member

    ~Sigh~ Oh Cupid, he is to us girls what Aphrodite is to men, the absolute ideal <3
  12. Isis

    Isis Member

    I didn't know about the lead arrows either. I always assumed if Cupid wanted to break a couple up, he'd make one partner fall in love with someone else.
  13. Helga

    Helga New Member

    Here is something I found to be interesting about Cupid. I did not realize that he fell in love with a mortal woman, Psyche, and that Cupid's mother Aphrodite was very jealous of Psyche's beauty. It is quite a story, and in the end, Cupid ended up marrying Psyche (Who later changed her name) and they lived in Mount Olympus.
  14. LegendofJoe

    LegendofJoe Active Member

    The story is told in full in the book The Golden Ass by Apuleius.
    It is a fun read as well as a glimpse of the mystery religion of Isis which was popular in the author's day.
    The ending, when the ass finally sees Isis and his travails finally come to an end, is one
    of the most beautiful stories I ever read.
    RLynn likes this.
  15. RLynn

    RLynn Active Member

    I agree. The Golden Ass is not only a hilarious read but one of the most beautiful and profound allegories ever written.
    LegendofJoe likes this.
  16. jerri

    jerri Member

    Isn't Psyche the origin of the word psychology? Maybe that's why Cupid's arrows gives one the ability to reason, to use their psyche. Before he met her was there reason involved? I thought I heard someplace that Cupid's tale is more bloody than what is usually told.
    Myrddin likes this.
  17. Nora_Rose

    Nora_Rose New Member

    If I remember correctly I also heard that Cupid was quite michivious and always getting into trouble. I guess he would gt into trouble having the ability to make people fall in and out of love!
  18. Nadai

    Nadai Active Member

    There is a myth that Eros existed before the creation of the world along with Chaos and Nyx.
    According to fifth-century Orphic cosmogony there existed a "Womb of Darkness" in which the Wind lay a "Cosmic Egg". From there, Eros was born and set the rest of the universe in motion. Without Eros, who originally was the god of lust and desire (it was Venus who was the goddess of love and beauty, though she lost the beauty contest to Helen of Troy:rolleyes:...Paris) the other gods would have never been able to come together and so the world would have remaind a void or χάος khaos. It wasn't until later that he was adopted by the newly-formed Venus and became her love-dealer. At times Eros is seen as a mischievous boy (in the story of Daphne by Ovid, Apollo mocks him and calls him a little boy playing with toys that should be left to better men like him) other times he is depicted as a grown man (in the story of Psyche he takes her as his wife then loses her and after she dies turns her into a goddess whos beauty rivals Venus').
  19. Artemis

    Artemis Member

    There are so many things about Cupid and the other gods and goddesses mentioned here that I did not know about. I shall be reading the book mentioned: The Golden Ass by Apuleius. I hope I can find a copy online.
  20. Pegasis

    Pegasis New Member

    Although Cupid is widely known, I suspect the actual mythology that goes with him is not nearly so widely known. I never really related Cupid to "mischief", but I guess that is one side to him.

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